环境治理 Environment harnessing
Environment harnessing aims to improve people's living conditions
and bad habits. It attaches equal importance to prevention and
control based on species of pests, ecological and biological habits
and inhabiting habits, thus is a measure to tackle root problems.
The purpose for environment prevention and control is to terminate
the propagation of pests through effective control on breeding
source, food source and habitat for pests and reduce the possibility
of contacting the carrier of disease so as to avoid direct and
indirect harms. It is of great importance to annihilation of pests,
as well as to economic development, working environment and improvement
of quality of living.
Clean up the breeding grounds
Management system should be established for cleaning up the
breeding grounds for pests generated each day, including excrements
(of human, livestock and beasts, etc.), rubbish and wastes. They
should be promptly collected, carried away and processed everyday.
After innocent treatment on them (including sanitary landfill,
bio-fermentation and incineration, etc.), pest will not propagate
Disposal of excrement. First, to popularize water-flush non-harm
toilet with three septic tanks. The septic tanks should be sealed
to prevent propagation of pests. Second, the excrements of human,
livestock and beasts for agricultural use should be sealed for
fermentation treatment. New excrements should not be used for
fermentation. Three, unfermented organisms should not be applied
to flower in cities.
Proper disposal of organic wastes. All wastes should be collected,
cleared away and treated promptly to prevent propagation of pests.
Block the in-break of pests
Ditches should be covered with wire net; the slots of doors
and windows shall be narrow enough to prevent the entry of pests;
the inlet and outlet of pipe lines should be sealed with sheet
iron or cement; sand drains should be equipped with mosquito prevention
and extermination facilities; sewer pipe-lines shall be sealed
with wire net; all holes in the room should be blocked with cement;
Facilities to block the in-break of pests should be perfected
to achieve proper effect.
②完善排水系统，畅通而不堵塞； To improve drainage system and ensure free
③阳沟改暗沟； Open ditch should be rebuilt into blind ditch.
④下水道必须定期疏通、清理等； Sewage pipe should be regularly dredged and
Road should be built with hard ground. Everyone should cultivate
good sanitation habits so as to keep the environment clean.
To reduce grounds for habitat and propagation of pests
Hidden habitat is a pre-requisite for existence and propagation
of pests. The major grounds for habitat and propagation of pests
include disordered and dirty environment, puddles, foodstuff warehouses,
sewage pipes, ceilings, bed trays and lockers, etc. Therefore,
efforts should be made to clean the environment, clear away rubbish,
block crevices, cover sewage ditches, deal with water logs (For
example, filling the low spot, clearing the water accumulated,
and changing basins, cans and bottle containers regularly), use
water-flush non-harm toilet, install facilities for prevent mice,
flies, mosquitoes and cockroaches inside and outside buildings
so as to reduce grounds for habitat and propagation of pests.
Food and water supply is a pre-requisite for existence of pests
With larger quantity and higher quality of food, pests will
reproduce faster; Otherwise, their reproduction will be slowed
down. Besides, when pests are short of food and water supply,
they will suffer from malnutrition and decline of health, which
may lead to death or capture by their natural enemies. Therefore,
to cut-off the food supply can restrain the reproduction of pests.